David Hockney is an english artist, based in California. An important contributor to the british pop art of the 1960s, he is considered one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
Hockney has often been regarded as a playboy of the art world. He has had lascivious relationships, and he has run among strange and crazy artistic circles. Yet he has always retained a sense of stability in his life through his constant and tireless devotion to his work. Hockney is an artist that has always enjoyed success and praise, facing little to no hardship in his career. What is interesting about his life is not the problems he has encountered, but the strides he has taken to bypass much human suffering and malaise.
- 1959-62 Studies at the Royal College of Art, London, where he meets R.B. Kitaj and other artists that were founders of Pop Art in Britain.
- 1953-57 Studies at Bradford School of Art, graduates with a distinction
- 1948 Bradford grammar school
Painting on Paper, 17 January – 1 March, Annely Juda Fine Art, London
National Portrait Gallery, London shows Five Double Portraits by David Hockney
Between December 1999 and January 2000 Hockney makes ‘camera lucida’ drawings of twelve guards of the National Gallery, London. These form part of the exhibition Encounters: New Art from Old which takes place at the National Gallery from 14 June to 17 September 2000.
- In January three exhibitions are shown simultaneously in Paris: ‘David Hockney. Espace Paysage’ at the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
- ‘Dialogue avec Picasso’ – Museée Picasso, Paris ‘David Hockney Photographies’ at the Maison Europeéne de la Photographie.
- Six Grand Canyon paintings form part of the summer exhibition at the Royal Academy, London, where they win the exhibition’s annual Wollaston award.
- The Pace Gallery, New York exhibits ‘Recent Etchings by David Hockney’ before the show moves to the Alan Cristea Gallery, London.
- In April and May pastels of the Grand Canyon are shown together with other works on paper at the Richard Gray Gallery, New York. ‘David Hockney. Space & Line’ then moved to Annely Juda Fine Art, London where the exhibition included an additional series of 56 recent portraits drawn with the aid of a camera lucida.
‘Local Views by Local Artist for a Local Lad’ exhibition is shown at Salts Mill from January to April. The Yorkshire landscape paintings are then exhibited at the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
Major retrospective of his photo works is shown at the Museum Ludwig, Cologne and subsequently tours to Galleria d’Arte Moderna e Contemporanea in Turin.
- Extended period of portrait drawing. Produces a number of ‘Abstract’ paintings in addition to a series of small paintings of his two dogs Stanley and Boodgie.
- Solo exhibitions include the 1853 Gallery in Saltaire (1994). Major retrospective of his drawings held at the Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg, travelling to the Royal Academy of Arts, London and Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
- Creates ‘Snails Space’ with Vari-lites. ‘Painting as Performance’ shown with recent paintings at the Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York and recent graphics and paintings at the Robert Miller Gallery, New York.
- Solo exhibitions also include Boymans van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, Manchester City Art Gallery and Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo.
Shows fax works at the Biennale Sao Paulo and at other venues worldwide.
Produces his first computer drawings.
- A major retrospective of his work is held at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and subsequently is shown at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York and at the Tate Gallery, London
- Begins making prints using a fax machine.
- After a break of almost four years begins to paint intensively again producing a large number of paintings and prints which show the influence of Chinese scrolls and his photo-collages.
- Solo exhibitions now average 10-15 annually.
First solo exhibitions at Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo, and Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, both at which he continues to show regularly thereafter.
Produces his first composite Polaroids and photo-collages which are shown in New York and extensively elsewhere including the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris.
- For the Metropolitan Opera New York designs sets and costumes for the triple bill of Satie’s ‘Parade’, Poulenc’s ‘Les Mamelles de Tiresias’ and Ravel’s ‘L’Enfant et les Sortileges’.
- Solo exhibitions include Knoedler/Kasmin Gallery, London with whom he exhibits regularly until the gallery’s closure in 1991.
- Produces ‘Paper Pools’ a series using coloured paper pulp. Decides to settle in Los Angeles. Travels to Egypt. Death of his father.
- The exhibition of his drawings and prints ‘Travels with Pen, Pencil and Ink’ begins it’s extensive three year tour of USA, Canada and Britain.
- Designs ‘The Magic Flute’ for Glyndebourne.
- Solo exhibitions include LA Louver Gallery, Venice, California with whom he has regularly shown ever since.
- Travels to USA.
- Later visits Australia and the South Sea Islands. Produces a series of large scale lithographs in Los Angeles.
- Works on etchings to illustrate ‘The Man with the Blue Guitar’ by Wallace Stevens.
- Solo exhibitions include Nicholas Wilder Gallery, Los Angeles.
- Hockney moves to Paris. Focus of interest shifts from painting to drawing and print-making.
- Retrospective exhibition held at the Muse?Le des Arts De?Lcoratifs, Paris opens in 1974.
- Designs sets and costumes for ‘The Rakes Progress’ for Glyndebourne. Solo exhibitions include Garage Art, London.
First retrospective exhibition held at the Whitechapel Gallery, London (which later tours to Hanover, Rotterdam and Belgrade). Begins work on ‘Mr & Mrs Clarke and Percy’ which he finishes the following year.
- Works on the suite of etchings ‘Six Fairy Tales from the Brothers Grimm’. Visiting Professor at the Hochschule fur bildende Kunste in Hamburg.
- Solo exhibitions include the Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York with whom he shows regularly thereafter.
Increasingly uses his own photographs as studies for his paintings. solo exhibitions include the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Included in Documenta IV, Kassel and XXXIV Venice Biennale. Moves back to London.
- 1965-66 The Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Kasmin Gallery, London and Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels.
Moves to Los Angeles. Makes first Swimming Pool paintings. Begins using photographs as studies for paintings and working with acrylic paint. First solo exhibition in New York at the Alan Gallery.
- First solo exhibition at the Kasmin Gallery, London with whom he was to show regularly thereafter.
- The Sunday Times commissions Hockney to travel to Egypt to produce drawings for their magazine which however were never published.
- Travels to New York where he meets Henry Geldzahler and Andy Warhol.
- Makes series of etchings ‘A Rakes Progress’ after visiting New York for the first time.
- Paints the walls of the ‘Teenagers Room’ for the cruise ship ‘Canberra’.
“Works on paper from Acconci to Tittel,” 27 June – 15 September, Victoria Miro Gallery, London
Travels to China with Stephen Spender. ‘A New Spirit in Painting’ at the Royal Academy of Arts, London includes three new paintings including the important ‘Mulholland Drive: The Road to the Studio’. Selects ‘The Artist’s Eye’ exhibition at the National Gallery, London.
Whilst still at college exhibits in the ‘Young Contemporaries’ and ‘London Group’ exhibitions which brings his work to the attention of the London public. Meets John Kasmin who would later (1963) become his London gallery.